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Multimode Fiber Optic Patch Cable Overview

We know that fiber optic patch cables play a very important role in the connection between devices and equipment. When talking about fiber optic patch cables, we usually divide them into multimode fiber optic patch cables and singlemode fiber optic patch cables according to the modes of the cable. What is multimode fiber optic patch cable? How many types of multimode patch cables are there? And what is the difference between multimode and singlemode patch cables? What are the applications of multimode patch cables? This text will solve those questions one by one.

Introduction

Multi-mode fiber patch cables are described by the diameters of their core and cladding. There are two different core sizes of multi-mode fiber patch cords: 50 microns and 62.5 microns. Both 62.5 microns and 50 microns patch cable feature the same glass cladding diameter of 125 microns. Thus, a 62.5/125µm multi-mode fiber patch cable has a 62.5µm core and a 125µm diameter cladding; and a 50/125µm multi-mode fiber patch cable has a 50µm core and a 125µm diameter cladding. The larger core of multi-mode fiber patch cords gathers more light and allows more signals to be transmitted, as shown below. Transmission of many modes of light down a multi-mode fiber patch cable simultaneously causes signals to weaken over time and therefore travel short distance.

singlemode fiber vs multimode fiber

Types of Multimode Fiber Optic Patch Cable

Multimode fiber optic cables can be divided into OM1, OM2, OM3, and OM4 based on the types of multimode fiber. The letters “OM” stands for optical multimode. OM1 and OM2 belong to traditional multimode fiber patch cable, while OM3 and OM4 belong to the new generation fiber patch cable which provides sufficient bandwidth to support 10 Gigabit Ethernet up to 300 meters. The connector types include LC, FC, SC, ST, MU, E2000, MPO and so on. Different type of connector is available to different equipment and fiber optic cable.

By the materials of optic fiber cable jackets, multimode fiber patch cord can be divided into four different types, PVC, LSZH, plenum, and armored multimode patch cable. PVC is non-flame retardant, while the LSZH is flame retardant and low smoke zero halogen. Plenum is compartment or chamber to which one or more air ducts are connected and forms part of the air distribution system. Because plenum cables are routed through air circulation spaces, which contain very few fire barriers, they need to be coated in flame-retardant, low smoke materials. Armored fiber patch cable use rugged shell with aluminum armor and kevlar inside the jacket, and it is 10 times stronger than regular fiber patch cable.

Difference Between Singlemode and Multimode Patch Cables

Multimode and singlemode fiber optic patch cables are different mainly because they have different sizes of cores, which carry light to transmit data. Singlemode fiber optic patch cables have a core of 8 to 10 microns. Multimode fiber patch cable allows multiple beams of light passing through, while singlemode fiber cable allows a single beam of light passing through. As modal dispersion happens in multimode fiber cable, the transmission distance is relevantly nearer than singlemode fiber cables. Therefore, multimode fiber optic patch cable is generally used in relevantly recent regions network connections, while the singlemode fiber cable is often used in broader regions.

Applications of Multimode Fiber Optic Patch Cable

Multi-mode fiber patch cables are used to connect high speed and legacy networks like Gigabit Ethernet, Fast Ethernet and Ethernet. OM1 and OM2 cables are commonly used in premises applications supporting Ethernet rates of 10Mbps to 1Gbps, which are not suitable though for today’s higher-speed networks. OM3 and OM4 are best multimode options of today. For prevailing 10Gbps transmission speeds, OM3 is generally suitable for distance up to 300 meters, and OM4 is suitable for distance up to 550 meters.

Conclusion

Fiber optic patch cords are designed to interconnect or cross connect fiber networks within structured cabling systems. Typical fiber connector interfaces are SC, ST, and LC in either multimode or singlemode applications. Whether to choose a singlemode or multimode fiber patch cable, it all depends on applications that you need, transmission distance to be covered as well as the overall budget allowed.

Introduction to Multi-mode Fiber Patch Cords

Optical devices of different types are connected with fiber patch cords. Fiber optic patch cord is an optical cable, capped at either end with connectors and used to connect one optical device to another for signal routing. The core of all fiber patch cables carries light to transmit data. By different sizes of cores, fiber optic patch cables can be classified into single mode and multi-mode fiber patch cords. This paper will give a brief introduction to multi-mode fiber patch cords.

What Is Multi-mode Fiber Patch Cord?

Multi-mode fiber optic patch cable has a core of either 50 or 62.5 microns. The larger core of multi-mode fiber patch cords gathers more light compared to single mode, and allows more signals to be transmitted. Transmission of many modes of light down a multi-mode fiber patch cable simultaneously causes signals to weaken over time and therefore travel a short distance. Connector types on both ends of a multi-mode fiber patch cord can be the same and also can be different. Some of the most common multi-mode connectors include LC, FC, SC, ST, etc. With different connector types, multi-mode fiber patch cables can be connected with various telecommunication equipment.

LC Multimode Patch Cords

Common Multi-mode Fiber Patch Cords

There are four common types of multi-mode fiber patch cords, OM1, OM2, OM3, and OM4. Letters “OM” stand for optical multi-mode. These 4 types of multi-mode fiber patch cords are different from each other in various aspects, and their differences determine their respective characteristics and application areas.

OM1 multi-mode fiber patch cord has a bigger core diameter, 62.5 microns, which makes it better on concentrating the light and bend-resistance. It is suitable for 100Mb and 1Gb. Though OM1 fiber optic patch cable is still a popular indoor use multi-mode fiber optic patch cable, it has serious limitations for high speed demands.

OM2 multi-mode fiber patch cord has a core of 50 microns. It is specifically designed for use with today’s narrower aperture components. 50 µm fiber offers as much as ten times the bandwidth of 62.5 µm fiber. OM2 multi-mode fiber patch cords are used in fiber optic telecommunications and high speed transmission systems that require simultaneous, bi-directional data transfer.

OM2 Multi-mode Fiber Optic Patch Cord

OM3 multi-mode fiber patch cord also has a core of 50 microns, but the cable is optimized for laser based equipment that uses fewer modes of light. Due to this optimization, OM3 fiber patch cord is capable of running 10 Gigabit Ethernet at lengths up to 300 meters.

OM4 multi-mode fiber patch cord is a 50µm laser-optimized multi-mode fiber patch cable with extended bandwidth. It is used in networks where an overwhelming or extreme amount of data needs to be transferred. It is the preferred technology for the emerging standards that will operate at 40Gb and even 100Gb up to 150m and is commonly used in data center applications.

Applications of Multi-mode Fiber Patch Cords

Multi-mode fiber patch cables are a good choice for transmitting data and voice signals over shorter distances than single mode. They are utilized to connect high speed and legacy networks like Gigabit Ethernet, Fast Ethernet and Ethernet. They are suitable for Gigabit Ethernet in high speed LAN networks, legacy networks including Ethernet, Fast Ethernet and FDDI, data centers, premises cabling in data networks including backbone, riser and horizontal, and also video, data and voice services.

There is a great selection of multi-mode patch cords for multiple applications. These fiber patch cables can be with custom length, custom made cable jacket and different standards like LSZH, Riser and Plenum. And they can be available in simplex and duplex with FC, SC, ST, FC, MTRJ, E2000 and MU fiber optic connectors. You can select the most appropriate one for your applications.

Related Article:
Differences Between Single Mode and Multi-mode Fiber Optic Patch Cables