Category Archives: 40 Gigabit Ethernet

40 GbE and 100 GbE over Multimode Fiber

To support the changing and fast-growing bandwidth demands of data centers, the IEEE ratified standards for supporting 40 GbE (Gigabit Ethernet) and 100 GbE (Gigabit Ethernet), known as IEEE 802.3ba. Both 40 and 100 GbE can be deployed using the same cabling systems in use today. Multimode will employ parallel optics using MPO interconnects and require additional cable infrastructure depending on the system deployed while single mode fiber will employ serial transmission and use LC or SC connectors. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. In this post, 40 GbE and 100 GbE over multimode fiber will be introduced.

40 GbE and 100 GbE Standard

IEEE published the IEEE 802.3ba standard for 40 Gigabit and 100 Gigabit Ethernet in June 2010. multimode optical fiber OM1, OM2, OM3 and OM4 have different capabilities of supporting different Ethernet applications. Only the laser optimized multimode fiber (grades OM3 and OM4) are capable of supporting 40G and 100G Ethernet. The next part will focus on the cabling requirements of 40 GbE and 100 GbE over multimode fiber. The table below shows 40GE and 100GE specifications.

40 GbE and 100 GbE Specifications

Implementing Parallel Optics

Traditionally, the Ethernet standard has relied upon duplex fiber cabling with each channel using one fiber to transmit and the other to receive. However, the 802.3ab standard requires multiple lanes of traffic per channel. To do this, the 40/100GbE standard uses parallel optics. The 802.3ba standard defines the parallel operation of four OM3/OM4 fibers for 40 GbE in 40GBASE-SR4 and the parallel operation of ten OM3/OM4 fibers for 100 GbE in 100GBASESR10. Two fibers have to be used per link because this arrangement is full duplex operation, i.e. simultaneous transmission in both directions. Therefore the number of fibers increases to eight for 40GBASE-SR4 and to 20 for 100GBASE-SR10. In the parallel optical link, the signal is split, transmitted over separate fibers and then joined again. That means the individual signals have to arrive at the receiver at the same time. Any skew in signal components has to be kept within tight tolerances. Trunk cables preterminated with MPO/MTP connectors are therefore the best choice for reliable transmission.

What Is 40 GbE and 100GbE over Multimode Fiber?

40G Ethernet and 100G Ethernet over multimode fiber uses parallel optics at 10 Gb/s per lane. One lane uses 1 fiber for each direction of transmission. 40G Ethernet requires 8 fibers. 100G Ethernet requires 20 fibers. The minimum performance that is needed to support 40 GbE and 100 GbE over multimode fiber is OM3 fiber for a distance of 100 meters. Cabling with OM4 fiber provides the capability to extend the reach up to 150 meters. Parallel optical channels with multi-fiber multimode optical fibers of the categories OM3 and OM4 are used for implementing 40 GbE and 100 GbE. The small diameter of the optical fibers poses no problems in laying the lines, and 802.3ba standard incorporated the MPO multi-fiber connector for 40GBASE-SR4 and 100GBASE-SR10, which can contact 12 or 24 fibers in the tiniest of spaces.

Conclusion

Optical fiber cabling is commonly deployed for backbone cabling in data centers for switch to switch connections and also for horizontal cabling for switch to server and storage area network connections. The use of pre-terminated optical fiber cabling can facilitate the migration path to 40G and 100G Ethernet in the future. Fiberstore can supply you with top-quality components for your 40 GbE and 100 GbE network, like 40G QSFP transceivers, and all kinds of QSFP+ cable choices, it also assists you competently with all questions involving planning, installation and maintenance.

Introduction to MPO/MTP Technology in 40 GbE

The increasing demands of bandwidth and high speed drive the emergence of 40 GbE, and even up to higher in the future. And the high-speed transmission requires high-density data center as the increasing created data need amount of cables and devices which take a lot of space and cost. Data centers have to achieve ultra-high density in cabling to accommodate all this cabling in the first place. Multimode fiber optics is the medium of the future for satisfying the growing need for transmission speed and data volume over short distances. Ultra-parallel connections involve tougher requirements in terms of the components and the handling of the connectors. The MPO/MTP technology has proven to be a practical solution. This article provides introductory information on MPO/MTP technology in 40 GbE.

MPO/MTP—Multi-fiber Connectors for High Port Density

Parallel optical channels with multi-fiber multimode optical fibers of the categories OM3 and OM4 are used for implementing 40 GbE. The small diameter of the optical fibers poses no problems in laying the lines, but the ports suddenly have to accommodate four or even ten times the number of connectors. This large number of connectors can no longer be covered with conventional individual connectors. That is why the 802.3ba standard incorporated the MPO multi-fiber connector for 40GBASE-SR4. It can contact 12 or 24 fibers in the tiniest of spaces. Next part describes this type of connector.

12 Fibers 10G OM4 Harness Cable, 12 Strands, MPO-HD to LC-HD Push Pull TAB Connector

MPO Connectors: Structure and Function

The MPO connector (known as multi-fiber push-on and also as multi-path push-on) is a multi-fiber connector defined according to IEC 61754-7 and TIA/EIA 604-5 that can accommodate up to 72 fibers in the tiniest of spaces, comparable to an RJ45 connector. MPO connectors are most commonly used for 12 or 24 fibers. Eight fibers are needed for 40 GbE, which means four contacts remain non-interconnected in each case. MPO connectors and MTP (mechanical transfer push-on) connectors are no longer terminated on site because of the delicate multi-fiber structure and narrow tolerances involved. MPO/MTP connectors are therefore sold already terminated together with trunk cables. With this arrangement, customers have to plan line lengths precisely but are also assured top quality and short installation times. To achieve lower tolerances and better attenuation values, the American connectivity specialist US Conec developed the MTP connector. It has better optical and mechanical quality than the MPO. An MTP connector consists of a housing and a separate MT ferrule. The MT ferrule is a multi-fiber ferrule in which the fiber alignment depends on the eccentricity and positioning of the fibers and the holes drilled in the centering pins. The centering pins help control fiber alignment during insertion. Since the housing is detachable, the ferrules can undergo interferometric measurements and subsequent processing during the manufacturing process.

Conclusion

MPO/MTP connectors and fiber cables as the important part of the multi-fiber connection system, are designed for the reliable and quick operations in data centers. Fiberstore manufactures and distributes a wide range of MTP/MPO cable assemblies including trunk cables, harness cables and cassettes (or patch panels). And we also offer other kinds of transceiver and cable choices for your 40GbE applications, for example, HP JG709A 40GBASE-CSR4 QSFP+ transceiver, and Juniper QFX-QSFP-DAC-3M QSFP+ to QSFP+ passive copper cable, etc. Futhermore, customized service such as optional fiber counts, cable types and lengths are available.

Are You Ready for 40G and 100G?

Data centers regularly undertake their own great migration, to ever higher speed networks. 10G, unimaginable a decade ago, is now common in larger enterprises. And now many enterprises have to adopt 40 Gigabit Ethernet or even 100G in the aggregation and core layers of data center networks in order to meet the overall bandwidth demands of top-of-rack servers. The need is clear: a 40/100G Ethernet migration plan is quickly becoming a matter of survival. Is your network cabling optimized for this inevitable growth? Are you ready for 40G and 100G?

Fiber Transmissions at Higher Speeds

When moving to 40/100GbE, the most important difference in backbone and horizontal multimode applications is the number of fiber strands. 40GBASE-SR4 uses 8 strands in total, 4 strands to transmit and 4 to receive. 100GBASE-SR10 uses 10 lanes to transmit and another 10 lanes to receive for a total of 20 strands. In data centers and backbones, it may be possible to have 8 or 20 individual strands of fiber. However, those strands may take disparate paths from one end to the other and this can cause delay skew (known as bit skew) resulting in bit errors. For this reason, the 40/100GbE standards are written around fiber optic trunk assemblies that utilize a MPO/MTP multi-fiber array connector. Data is transmitted and received simultaneously on MTP interfaces through 10G simplex transmission over each individual strand of the array cable. In these assemblies, all strands are the same length. Also referred to as “parallel optics”, this construction minimizes bit/delay skew, allowing the receive modules to receive each fibers information at virtually the same time.

Copper Transmissions at Higher Speeds

The first 10GbE capable copper interface was developed for the 10GBASE-CX4 application. The physical requirements for this shielded four-lane copper connector is standardized under SFF-8470. As a passive assembly, the SFF-8470/CX4 cables have a reach of 15m. This assembly supports 10GbE, InfiniBand, FibreChannel and FCoE. These assemblies use twinax cable, constructed of two inner conductors with an overall foil covered by a braid shield. Due to their low latency, these cables are popular in supercomputing clusters, High Performance Computing and storage. As part of the 802.3ba 40/100GbE standard, multi-lane 40GBASE-CR4 and 100GBASE-CR10 was defined. This standard specifies the use of 4 and 10-lane twinax assemblies to achieve 40 and 100GbE speeds for distances up to 7m.

40/100G MPO/MTP System

MPO/MTP is available in both 12 and 24 strand termination configurations used at the end of a trunk assembly. A modular laser optimized multimode MPO/MTP system that supports 40G and 100G fiber optic networks includes trunks, harnesses, array cords, modules, and adapter plates. For 40GbE, a 12-fiber cabling solution with each channel featuring four dedicated transmit fibers and four dedicated receiver fibers is used. In general, the middle four fiber remain unused. Parallel transmission is also used for 100GbE with a 24-fiber solution or two 12-fiber solution.

MPO MTP cables

At present, 40GbE is taking over from 10GbE as the new high-growth market segment. Meanwhile, the 40GbE optics are universal in data center and the market of 100GbE is accelerating. Being prepared for 40/100G is essential: within a few short years higher-speed Ethernet will be common in data centers across all types of organizations. Fiberstore is ready. Fiberstore offers various optical communication products to meet diverse demands. For example, we provide 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceivers, like Finisar FTL410QE2C 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver and Mellanox MC2210411-SR4 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver, which are branded by famous companies and quality guaranteed.

Transceiver Choices for 40 Gigabit Ethernet

40GbE (Gigabit Ethernet) is Ethernet standard developed by the IEEE 802.3ba, enabling the transfer of Ethernet frames at speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbps). Now 40 Gigabit Ethernet is becoming more and more popular, suitable for high-speed, high-demand, and computing applications. For a 40GbE network, transceiver modules are one of the most basic components for transmission, used to plugged into either network servers or various of components such as interface cards and switches. 40GbE transceivers are being developed along several standard form factors. Some basic knowledge of 40GbE transceivers will be provided in the following text.

CFP Transceiver

The CFP (C form-factor pluggable) transceiver features twelve transmit and twelve receive 10Gbps lanes to support one 100GbE port, or up to three 40GbE ports. Its larger size is suitable for the needs of single-mode optics and can easily serve multimode optics or copper as well. The following picture shows a CFP transceiver. 40GBASE CFP transceiver modules are hot-swappable input/output devices that plug into a 40 Gigabit Ethernet CFP port of a switch or router. CFP modules offer customers versatile 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity options in core and distribution layers of data center, enterprise, and service provider networks. Main features of 40GBASE CFP modules include:

  • Support for 40GBASE Ethernet and OTU3 standards
  • Support for “pay-as-you-populate” model
  • Support for digital optical monitoring (DOM)
  • Variety of interface choices for 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity
  • Interoperability with respective industry IEEE- and/or OTU3-compliant interfaces
  • Support for the Cisco quality identification (ID) feature, which enables a Cisco switch or router to identify whether the module is certified and tested by Cisco
CFP 1310nm 10km Transceiver for SMF
CXP Transceiver

The CXP transceiver form factor also provides twelve lanes in each direction but is much smaller than the CFP and serves the needs of multimode optics and copper. The Roman number X means that each channel has a transmission rate of 10 Gbps. CXP is a kind of hot-pluggable transceiver with data rate up to 12×10 Gbps. It provides twelve 10 Gbit/s links suitable for single 100 Gigabit Ethernet, three 40 Gigabit Ethernet channels, or twelve 10 Gigabit Ethernet channels or a single Infiniband 12× QDR link. The C is the Roman numeral for 100 as a memory aid.

QSFP/QSFP+ Transceiver

The QSFP/QSFP+ (quad small-form-factor pluggable) is similar in size to the CXP and provides four transmit and four receive lanes to support 40GbE applications for multimode and single-mode fiber and copper today. It is the most popular interface of 40G transceivers now. Two main types of QSFP+ transceivers used in the data center are QSFP-40G-SR4 and QSFP-40GE-LR4. The following picture shows an Arista QSFP-40G-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver and a Cisco QSFP-40GE-LR4 QSFP+ transceiver. QSFP-40G-SR4 is used in 4x10G mode along with ribbon to duplex fiber breakout cables for connectivity to four 10GBASE-SR optical interfaces. 40GBASE-LR4 QSFP+ module supports link lengths of up to 10km over a standard pair of G.652 single-mode fibres with duplex LC connectors. In addition, there are other types of QSFP+ modules, such as QSFP-40G-ER4, 40GBASE-PLRL4, etc. Main features of 40GBase QSFP+ modules include:

  • Support for 40GBASE Ethernet
  • Flexibility of interface choice
  • Hot-swappable input/output device that plugs into a 40-Gigabit Ethernet QSFP+ switch port
  • Interoperable with other IEEE-compliant 40GBASE interfaces available in various form factors
  • Support for “pay-as-you-populate” model
QSFP-40G-SR4 and QSFP-40GE-LR4 QSFP+
Conclusion

Fiberstore offers customers a wide variety of high-density 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity options for data center, high-performance computing networks, enterprise core and distribution layers, and service provider transport applications. If you have any demand for the 40GbE components or product solutions, please contact Fiberstore team over sales@fs.com or have a livechat on www.fs.com.

Cabling Connectivity Options for 40Gbps Infrastructure

Driven by growing bandwidth and network performance demand, data center network infrastructure is witnessing a transformation. The speed of data center now is increasing to 40 Gbps. Thus, new cabling infrastructure and cabling connectivity options are required. Here some commonly used cabling connectivity options for 40Gbps infrastructure will be introduced in this post.

Pluggable Modules: 40G QSFP+ Transceivers

Fiber optic transceiver is an electronic device that receives an electrical signal, converts it into a light signal, and launches the signal into a fiber. It also receives the light signal, from another transceiver, and converts it into an electrical signal. It is the key component in fiber optic transmission. The basic interface of 40G pluggable optical modules are 40GBASE-LR4 and 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ form factor.

40GBASE-LR4 QSFP+: 40GBASE-LR4 transceiver support with a link length up to 10 km over 1310nm single-mode fiber. It is most commonly deployed between data centers or IXP sites. The image below shows a Cisco QSFP-40G-LR4 compatible 40GBASE-LR4 QSFP+ transceiver.

Cisco QSFP-40G-LR4 Compatible 40GBASE-LR4OTU3 QSFP+ Transceiver

40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+: 40GBASE-SR4 transceivers are used in data centers to interconnect two Ethernet switches with 8 fiber parallel multimode fiber OM3/OM4 cables. It can support transmission distance up to 100 m with OM3 fiber and 150 m with OM4 fiber. The optical interface of 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ is MPO/MTP. The image below shows a Cisco QSFP-40G-SR4 compatible 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver.

Cisco QSFP-40G-SR4 Compatible 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ Transceiver

In addition, for single-mode fiber transmission, there are 40GBASE-LR4 Parallel Single Mode (PSM) transceivers which are used to provide support for up to four 10Gbps Ethernet connections on a QSFP+ port over single mode fiber at distances up to 10 km. For multimode fiber transmission, QSFP+ extended SR4 transceivers are developed which is designed with optimized VCSEL with better performance of RMS spectral width compared with QSFP+ SR4. QSFP+ extended SR4 transceivers can support transmission distance up to 300 m with OM3 fiber and 400 m with OM4.

Passive & Active Direct Attach Copper Cables

The QSFP+ passive or active direct attach copper cables are designed with twinax copper cable and terminated with QSFP+ connectors. The main difference between passive QSFP+ DAC and active QSFP+ DAC is that the passive one is without the active component. They provide short distance inexpensive connectivity at up to 40Gbps rates and operate 4 independent 10G channels using the QSFP connector footprint. Each of the four channels can operate at multi-rate speeds Gigabit to 10Gbps. The image below shows QSFP-4SFP10G-CU1M compatible QSFP+ to 4SFP+ passive breakout copper cable.

Cisco QSFP-4SFP10G-CU1M Compatible QSFP+ to 4SFP+ Passive Breakout Copper Cable

Active Optical Cable (AOC) Assemblies

Active optical cable uses electrical-to-optical conversion on the cable ends to improve speed and distance performance of the cable without sacrificing compatibility with standard electrical interfaces. QSFP+ AOC is a high performance integrated cable for short-range multi-lane data communication and interconnect applications, for it provides light weight, high performance, low power consumption, low interconnection loss, EMI immunity and flexibility. QSFP+ AOC supports InfiniBand QDR/DDR/SDR, Ethernet (10 and 40Gbps), Fibre Channel (8 and 10 Gbps), SAS and other protocol applications. And hot-pluggable transceiver allows insertion and removal of devices without powering down the system. The image below shows QSFP-4X10G-AOC10M compatible QSFP+ to 4SFP+ active optical breakout cable.

Cisco QSFP-4X10G-AOC10M Compatible QSFP+ to 4SFP+ Active Optical Breakout Cable

Fiberstore offers a comprehensive solution for 40G fiber optic cabling connectivity. We support a full range of both copper cables and optical transceivers for 40GbE, compliant to the IEEE standards. For copper both QSFP+ to QSFP+ (40G to 40G) and QSFP+ to SFP+ (40G to 4x10G) cables enable short reach options. For longer distances Fiberstore offers a wide range of optical transceivers for various fiber types and reach requirements.

Upgrading to 40/100 Gigabit Ethernet

To support the changing and fast-growing bandwidth demands of data centers (DCs), the IEEE ratified standards for supporting 40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GE) and 100 Gigabit Ethernet (100GE), known as IEEE 802.3ba. 40GE and 100 GE belong to a family of network technologies that primarily are used in local area networks. As they are becoming more and more popular, it is very necessary to know more about them. This post offers a quick-reference guide to increase your familiarity with issues in the migration to 40 and 100GE systems.

Cabling Systems

Both 40 and 100 Gigabit Ethernet can be deployed using the same cabling systems in use today. Multi-mode will employ parallel optics using MPO interconnects and require additional cable infrastructure depending on the system deployed while single mode fiber will employ serial transmission and use LC or SC connectors. The approach used for the higher speed data rates is based on advanced transceiver technologies engineered to take advantage of the full bandwidth of laser optimized fibers. Both single mode fiber (SMF) and multi-mode fiber (OM3, OM4) were approved in the standard.

Standards
  • 40GBase-SR4: multimode fiber with four fiber pairs (OM3/OM4)
  • 40GBase-LR4: single-mode fiber pairs with 4 wavelengths a 10Gbit/s at 10 km
  • 40GBase-KR4: short distances in the backplane (4 pairs of wires)
  • 40GBase-CR4: twinax cable with 4 pairs
  • 100GBase-CR10: twinax cable with 10 pairs
  • 100GBase-SR10: multimode fiber with 10 fiber pairs (OM3/OM4)
  • 100GBase-SR10: single-mode fiber pairs with 4 wavelengths a 25Gbit/s at 10 km
  • 100GBase-ER4: single-mode fiber pairs with 4 wavelengths a 25Gbit/s at 40 km
Module Types

QSFP: The QSFP (quad small-form-factor pluggable) is the primary way of delivering 40GE and are now appearing in 100GbE-capable form. These present either MPO connectors for multi-mode optics or LC connectors for single-mode optics. It is similar in size to the CXP and provides four transmit and four receive lanes to support 40GbE applications. QSFP+ (quad small form-factor pluggable plus), as the updated version of QSFP, is a new multi-source agreement (MSA) for high speed application. QSFP+ gradually replace QSFP and is widely used by people as it can provide higher bandwidth. The following picture shows an Avaya AA1404001-E6 compatible QSFP+ transceiver.

Avaya AA1404001-E6 Compatible 40GBASE-LR4 QSFP+ Transceiver

CFP: The CFP (C form-factor pluggable) transceiver features twelve transmit and twelve receive 10Gb/s lanes to support one 100GbE port, or up to three 40GbE ports. CFP form factor optics are available in 40GbE and 100GbE varieties. Its larger size is suitable for the needs of single-mode optics and can easily serve multi-mode optics or copper as well. These present MPO connectors for multi-mode optics or SC connectors for single-mode optics. CFP modules use the 10-lane CAUI-10 electrical interface.

CFP2: The CFP2 is an evolution of the existing CFP form factor, using manufacturing and optics advances to reduce the size of the module to approximately half that of the original CFP, allowing for higher interface density. CFP2 modules use the 10-lane CAUI-10 electrical interface or the 4-lane CAUI-4 electrical interface.

Requirements and Objectives

40GE and 100GE fulfill the following requirements and objectives:

  • Preserve existing 802.3 frame format, minimum size, and maximum size.
  • Support high-speed switching, routing, and application functions in data centers.
  • Exhibit a bit error rate (BER) of 10-12 or better.
  • Provide support for optical transport network (OTN).
  • Provide specifications for operation over single-mode optical fiber, laser optimized multimode optical fiber, copper cables, and backplanes.
  • Support high-bandwidth applications such as video on demand (VoD) and high-performance computing (HPC).

The throughput and reliability of a 40/100 Gigabit Ethernet installation is directly related to the cabling, the choice of connectivity, and proper installation. Fiberstore’s superior cable and connectivity designs provides you with superior levels of performance and operation. We offer all kinds of cables and transceiver modules for your applications, such as Dell Force10 GP-QSFP-40GE-1SR 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver, or Juniper QFX-QSFP-DAC-3M compatible QSFP+ to QSFP+ passive copper cable, and so on. You can buy from us with confidence.

A Guide to 40 Gigabit Ethernet

The 802.3ba Ethernet standard introduced by the IEEE in June 2010 was in response to the increasing bandwidth demands facing data centers, paving the way for the introduction of 40Gb/s and 100Gb/s Ethernet operations. As you begin to think about the future of your network, understanding all the 40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE) and 100 Gigabit Ethernet (100GbE) optical components can be confusing. In this post, a brief overview of the current 40 Gigabit Ethernet to aid in planning for future high-performance Ethernet needs will be given.

What Is 40 Gigabit Ethernet?

40GbE is a standard that enables the transfer of Ethernet frames at speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbit/s). The 40GbE standard is intended for local server connectivity. One of the most attractive characteristics of 40 Gigabit Ethernet is broad applications and design flexibility. 40 Gigabit Ethernet runs on quad small form factor pluggable (QSFFP) cabling, a high-density fiber connector with 12 strands of fiber. According to the task force, 40GbE fulfills the following requirements and objectives:

  • Preserve existing 802.3 frame format, minimum size, and maximum size.
  • Support high-bandwidth applications such as video on demand (VoD) and high-performance computing (HPC).
  • Support high-speed switching, routing, and application functions in data centers.
  • Exhibit a bit error rate (BER) of 10-12 or better.
  • Provide support for optical transport network (OTN).
  • Provide specifications for operation over single-mode optical fiber, laser optimized multi-mode optical fiber, copper cables, and backplanes.
How Does 40 Gigabit Ethernet Work?

40 Gigabit Ethernet can be deployed using the same cabling systems in use today. Multi-mode will employ parallel optics using MPO interconnects and require additional cable infrastructure depending on the system deployed while single mode fiber will employ serial transmission and use LC or SC connectors. The approach used for the higher speed data rates is based on advanced transceiver technologies engineered to take advantage of the full bandwidth of laser optimized fibers. The 40 Gigabit Ethernet specification calls for a 12-fiber cabling solution, implemented using eight of the twelve fibers in an MPO connector, with each channel featuring four dedicated transmit fibers and four dedicated receive fibers. The middle four fibers remain unused, or dark. Each Tx/Rx pair is operating at 10G.

40 Gigabit Ethernet Cables

Cabling for 40 Gigabit Ethernet can be optical fiber or copper. The supportable channel length depends on the cable and the transceiver type. With regard to connectors, the only significant change outlined in the 802.3ba standard is the use of MPO (Multi-Fiber Push On) type connectors at the multi-mode transceivers to support the multi-fiber parallel optics channels. For data center environments operating at 40Gbps, OM3 and OM4 multi-mode cabling is generally recommended because its reach supports a wider range of deployment configurations compared to copper solutions, and the cost is lower compared to single-mode solutions.

40 Gigabit Ethernet Transceivers

40 Gigabit Ethernet transceivers are being developed along several standard form factors. The C form-factor pluggable (CFP) transceiver features 12 transmit and 12 receive 10Gbps lanes to support up to three 40 Gigabit Ethernet ports. Its larger size is suitable for the needs of single-mode optics and can easily serve multi-mode optics or copper as well. The CXP transceiver form factor also provides 12 lanes in each direction, but is much smaller than the CFP and serves the needs of multi-mode optics and copper. The quad small form-factor pluggable (QSFP) is similar in size to the CXP and provides four transmit and four receive lanes to support 40 Gigabit Ethernet applications for multi-mode fiber and copper. And quad small form-factor pluggable plus (QSFP+) gradually replaces QSFP and is widely used by people as it can provide higher bandwidth. The picture below shows a Cisco WSP-Q40GLR4L compatible QSFP+ transceiver.

Cisco WSP-Q40GLR4L Compatible 40GBASE-LR4L QSFP+ Transceiver

Migrating to 40 Gigabit Ethernet will prove very cost-effective for those who do it right. One critical step is to choose appropriate cables and transceivers. Fiberstore is a professional manufacturer and supplier, which offers a large amount of cables and transceivers for your 40GbE applications. For example, HP 805755-B21 compatible QSFP+ transceiver, and Juniper JNP-QSFP-4X10GE-IR compatible QSFP+ transceiver offered by Fiberstore are cost-effective and high-performance transceiver modules fully compatible with major brands.